Langer, A. (2022) “Dog-Whistle Politics as a Strategy of American Nationalists and Populists: Soros, the Rothschilds and Other Conspiracy Theories.” In Nationalism and Populism: Expressions of Fear or Political Strategies?, edited by Carsten Schapkow and Frank Jacob, pp. 157-187. De Gruyter.
Full chapter available at https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110729740-008
Nationalism was declared to be dead too early. A postnational age was announced, and liberalism claimed to have been victorious by the end of the Cold War. At the same time postnational order was proclaimed in which transnational alliances like the European Union were supposed to become more important in international relations. But we witnessed the rise a strong nationalism during the early 21st century instead, and right wing parties are able to gain more and more votes in elections that are often characterized by nationalist agendas. This volume shows how nationalist dreams and fears alike determine politics in an age that was supposed to witness a rather peaceful coexistence by those who consider transnational ideas more valuable than national demands. It will deal with different case studies to show why and how nationalism made its way back to the common consciousness and which elements stimulated the re-establishment of the aggressive nation state. The volume will therefore look at the continuities of empire, actual and imagined, the role of "foreign-" and "otherness" for nationalist narratives, and try to explain how globalization stimulated the rise of 21st century nationalisms as well.